Safeguard against COVID ::

(2) I am part of an RWA/Apartment Complex

Precautionary equipment to keep at home/office


Hygiene supplies

  • Masks - Masks are our first barrier for protecting one from getting infected, as well as preventing those who have symptoms from spreading them. Guidelines for the most suitable masks are given on the WHO website Click here. A manual for all queries related to masks and how to make homemade masks has been issued by the GoI dt.: 30.04.20 Click here
  • Face Shields - A face shield is a curved plastic or Plexiglas panel that can be worn over the face. They form an important part of PPE for health care workers and can be used as an additional barrier. However they do not form a substitute for the use of masks.
  • Hand Sanitizer - Hand sanitizer is a liquid, gel, or foam generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. Hand sanitizer is effective when soap and water are not available. As per Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It has been advised to use hand sanitizers containing a minimum of 60% alcohol.
  • Hand Soap - Hand Hygiene is one of the most effective actions you can take to reduce the spread of pathogens and prevent infections. It is advised to wash your hands frequently and effectively for at least 20 seconds, as per the method suggested by WHO.
  • Washable cloth gloves
Medical supplies It is useful to keep the following medical supplies handy, which can be used only if one starts experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Paracetamol*
  • Vitamin C
  • Steamer
  • Digital thermometer
  • Pulse Oximeter - This is a small, lightweight device used to monitor the amount of oxygen carried in the body. This serves as a precautionary device that can be used to monitor oxygen levels in your body.
*These are only indicative and must be taken only if prescribed by a doctor. Cleaning supplies
  • Object Sanitizer Spray - This a sanitizer in its aerosol state that helps in sanitizing objects and surfaces that cannot be directly in contact with liquid as well as objects coming from outside such as delivery packages, groceries etc.
  • Disinfectant Liquid - Disinfectants are chemical agents designed to inactivate or destroy microorganisms on surfaces.Guidelines referring to sanitization of public spaces as well as homes recommend the use of a disinfectant with 1% sodium hypochlorite or phenolic disinfectants. This can be put in a spray bottle and can be sprayed onto objects that are coming from outside.
  • Disposable/compostable garbage bags
  • Disposable gloves - CDC recommends the use of disposable plastic gloves when cleaning as well as when caring for someone who is sick. Those who are running businesses or workplaces are also advised to wear gloves.




Ways to sanitize your groceries/deliveries


The following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  • Leave vegetables in the packet for four hours before cleaning with lukewarm water. Do not use sanitiser or disinfectant to clean vegetables.
  • Wash packaged items with soap and clean with water or alcohol based solutions.
  • For meat and eggs, use running tap water to clean the items
For more details on purchasing, cleaning and handling food, refer to the document by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken if you have visitors/workers coming over


Avoiding visitors is highly recommended. However, if it is necessary to have visitors or guests, the following steps have to be taken before allowing entry:

  • Thermal screening must be done to ensure that temperature is less than 37.5°C (99.5°F). Visitors must be screened for flu symptoms such as cold, cough, sore throat, and headache.
  • Hands must be washed or sanitised at entry and exit
  • Visitors must be equipped with masks at all times
For more details regarding entry of people in RWAs and apartment complexes, refer to the BBMP circular dt.: 12.06.20, Click here




Specific measures for senior citizens/citizens with co-morbidities


There is a higher risk of very serious illness due to coronavirus if you are older than 60 years or have problems like diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease. Stay at home to stay safe, do not have any visitors or relatives over to your home during this coronavirus time and ask someone to buy your food supplies and medicines. General healthcare for seniors:

  • Continue taking your prescribed medicines regularly. Do not self-medicate. Have at least a 30-day supply of prescription and non-prescription medicines to reduce visits to the pharmacy.
  • Do not visit your doctor during this time for just regular checkups. Instead you can call your healthcare provider if you have any problem.
  • However, for any emergencies like serious chest pain, accidents etc. visit the hospital immediately
  • If you or another high-risk individual has a cough, cold, or fever, call the government helpline or your healthcare provider right away.
For more information refer to ‘Health Advisory for Elderly Population’ from MoHUA dt.: 29.03.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while going to a restaurant


It is preferable to order food for delivery or to eat food prepared at home. However, if going to a restaurant is unavoidable, the following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI): Personal precautions: Wear a face mask at all times except while eating or drinking. Carry hand sanitizer and sanitize your hands before and after eating, and after touching any surfaces. What to look out for in a restaurant:

  • Ensure that a minimum distance of 6 feet is being maintained within the restaurant and all persons inside the restaurant are wearing masks.
  • Ensure that thermal screening and hand sanitisation is being done at entry points.
  • Ensure that hygiene is being maintained - there is soap and water or sanitizer for hand hygiene, and common surfaces such as the floor, lavatories, hand washing stations are being regularly disinfected.
Go contactless for payments: Opt for contactless modes of payments such as UPI, QR codes, net-banking, e-wallets, etc. For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken while leaving your home


It has been suggested to go out only when necessary and completely avoid stepping out if you are showing symptoms or pregnant or elderly. What to take when you go outside Face mask, gloves, hand sanitiser, your own shopping bag/basket. Wear a set of clothes that you can change out of as soon as you get back home. When you are outside

  • Maintain minimum distance of 6 feet at all times
  • Avoid touching common surfaces such as baskets, carts, counters, doorknobs. If you do, sanitize your hands immediately. Only touch products you intend to purchase.
  • When shopping, use online payment modes as far as possible. If you use currency or cards, sanitise or wash your hands immediately.
When you return
  • Wash your hands, sanitize your phone and keys and change your clothes and take a bath immediately.
  • Wash or sanitise any items you may have bought
For more details, refer to the following documents:
  1. Grocery shopping section in the document by FSSAI Click here
  2. Illustrative guide on COVID-19 appropriate behaviour by MoHFW dt.: 16.06.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while ordering food


Opt for contactless modes of delivery where the delivery person leaves the package at the doorstep and calls the customer. Steps to take when handling delivered food items:

  • Collect the food package and keep it in an isolated or segregated place.
  • Open the package, and discard external packing into the dustbin
  • Wash hands with soap and water or sanitize hands with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Empty the food content using tongs, ladles, spoons, etc. into clean serving dishes/utensils.
  • Discard the food packages/containers carrying or holding food.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Dietary recommendations during COVID19


Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has suggested recommendations for a balanced diet, some of which are listed below:

  • The immune system is a complex system. No single food/supplement, spice or herb can prevent or treat illness. However, it is prudent to include some specific nutrients on a regular basis. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, minerals such as zinc, selenium, iron, copper, phyto nutrients,amino acids, omega 3 fatty acids are important nutrients for optimal immune function.
  • Follow a healthy diet. Choose to consume local foods, whole grains, fresh and seasonal fruits and vegetables. Limit consumption of highly processed foods.
  • Get exposure to sunlight for at least 15 min per day, preferably from 11 am-1pm, which would ensure adequate Vitamin D status, while taking necessary precautions in time of COVID-19.
  • Keep your body active and hydrated for good immune response to any infection.
  • Some traditional spices and condiments possess antiviral / antimicrobial activity which helps to fight infections. In spite of several health benefits, they can cause side-effects if consumed in excess.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




When do I need to home quarantine? Protocols to follow


When is home quarantine advisable and compulsory Home quarantine is advisable if you think you have been exposed to the virus, by being in contact with a person who is a confirmed or suspected COVID-19 patient or if you develop any symptoms like fever, cough, cold, etc.
It is mandatory to home quarantine yourself if you meet any of the following criteria:

  • If you are a Primary or Secondary Contact of a person who has tested positive for COVID-19 and a health team assess you to be asymptomatic - 14 days of home quarantine followed by 14 days of elf reporting. For more information regarding the Home Quarantine for Primary and Secondary Contact, refer to the GoK protocol dt.: 08.05.20 Click here
  • If you have given a swab sample for COVID-19 testing, then you need to observe strict quarantine till your lab test results are communicated. For more information, refer to the circular issued by the GoK dt.: 13.07.20 Click here
  • If you have the following travel history:
- All international travelers - 7 days of Institutional Quarantine followed by 7 days of Home Quarantine - All Asymptomatic interstate travelers - 14 days of home quarantine For more information regarding travel related Home Quarantine, refer to the circular by the BBMP, dt.: 06.06.20 Click here Protocols for Home-Quarantine:
  • Stay in a well-ventilated single-room preferably with an attached/separate toilet. If another family member needs to stay in the same room, it’s advisable to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter between the two.
  • Needs to stay away from elderly people, pregnant women, children and persons with co-morbidities within the household.
  • Restrict his/her movement within the house.
  • Under no circumstances attend any social/religious gathering e.g. wedding, condolences, etc.
  • Wash hand as often thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Avoid sharing household items e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home.
  • Wear a surgical mask at all times. The mask should be changed every 6-8 hours and disposed off.Disposable masks are never to be reused.
  • Masks used by patients / caregivers / close contacts during home care should be disinfected using ordinary bleach solution (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution (1%) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.
For more information refer to the Guidelines for Home Quarantine by the MoHFW, GoI - Click here




Difference between home quarantine and home isolation


  • Quarantine: Restricting movement of people who may have been exposed to the virus, to check if they are developing any symptoms.
  • Isolation: Separating the suspected and/or infected person from those who have not contracted the virus.
Sourced from: https://bengaluru.citizenmatters.in/what-to-do-if-you-test-positive-for-covid-bengaluru-guide-symptoms-testing-isolation-treatment-47597




Steps to be taken in case of contact with a covid positive patient


If you are a primary or secondary contact of a COVID-19 positive patient, the following protocols are applicable:

  • If you are a primary contact, who is showing symptoms, you can be tested immediately. You can call the Apthamitra helpline on 14410 in case you develop any symptoms.
  • If you are a primary contact who is not showing symptoms, you can be tested after 5 to 10 days of contact. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
  • If you are a secondary contact, you can be tested only if you are showing symptoms. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
For more information:
  1. Refer to ‘Home Quarantine Protocol for Primary and Secondary Contact’, by GoK dt.: 08.05.20 - Click here
  2. Refer ‘Lab Testing Protocols’, GoK order dt.: 08.06.20 Click here




Ways to sanitize your home


  • Clean surfaces in the room that are touched often (table-tops, doorknobs, handles, etc.) with 7% Lysol or 1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Clean and disinfect bathroom and toilet surfaces at least once daily. Regular household soap or detergent should be used first for cleaning, followed by1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Home can be sanitized by the resident itself using an Aquapro tablet dissolved in 10L water and sprayed can be done by self and used inside the apartment; similar sprays available in market for homes & cars.
For more information refer to ‘Guidelines for Home Isolation’ by GoK, dt. 04.07.20 Click here




Protocols for air travel


Before planning for travel

  • All travellers shall submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal ( http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at least 72 hours before the scheduled date of travel.
  • Business/short term travellers who come with a negative RT-PCR test report shall be exempted from quarantine requirements. Such passengers shall also submit a declaration with respect to authenticity of the test report and will be liable for criminal prosecution, if found otherwise. The test report should be produced upon arrival at the point of entry airport/seaport in Karnataka.

Before Boarding
  • Do's and Don'ts about COVID-19 quarantine, testing, etc. shall be provided along with tickets to the travellers by the travel agencies concerned.
  • All passengers shall download Arogya Setu app, Quarantine watch app and Apthamitra App on their mobile devices.
  • At the time of boarding the flight/ ship, only asymptomatic travellers shall be allowed to board after thermal screening.
  • Suitable safety measures such as environmental sanitation and disinfection shall be ensured at the airports/seaports.
  • During boarding and at the airports/ seaports, all possible measures for physical distancing, provision of hand sanitizers, etc. shall be ensured.
During Travel
  • Travellers who had not filled the self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka portal shall fill the same induplicate in the flight/ship and a copy of the same be given to health and immigration officials present at the airport/seaport. Alternatively, such travellers may submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal (http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/or https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at arriving airport/ seaport.
  • Suitable announcement about COVID-19 including precautionary measures to be followed shall be made at airports/seaport and in flights/ships.
  • While on board the flight/ ship, required precautions such as wearing face masks, environmental hygiene, respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene etc. are to be observed by airline/ ship staff, crew and all passengers.
For more information regarding air travel, refer to the circular by the GoK, dt.: 07.08.20 Click here For further information regarding statewise quarantine regulation, refer to the document issued by Airport Authority of India dt.:30.07.20 Click here





(3) I own a commercial establishment

BBMP issued advisories for Salons and Parlours


  • Customers are to be allowed on appointment only
  • Seating of customers in the waiting area should be discouraged.
  • Salon employees must wear face shields/goggles and gloves while servicing the customers and change the gloves after each customer.
  • Workers to sanitise booths and equipment for every customer.
  • All tools and equipment must be cleaned in hot soapy water between each customer.
  • Remove magazines, menus, newspapers to avoid customers touching them unnecessarily.
For further information refer to BBMP’s advisory circular dt.: 12.06.20 Click here




BBMP issued advisories for Offices and Workplaces


  • Usage of videoconferencing and work-from-home options to be considered as much as possible.
  • Staggering of office hours, lunch hours/coffee breaks, to be adopted into the office schedule.
  • Thermal screening of employees at entrances to be conducted.
  • Seating arrangements for limiting the number of people inside workplaces to ensure physical distancing.
  • Effective sanitisation within premises, with particular focus on lavatories, drinking and handwashing stations.
For further information refer to BBMP’s advisory circular dt.: 10.06.20 Click here




BBMP issued advisories for Shopping Malls


  • Gaming arcades, children’s play areas, cinema halls to remain closed.
  • Proper crowd management within premises; parking lots, stalls, shops etc. as well as outside the premises, ensuring physical distance is maintained.
  • While using the escalator, one person on alternate steps can be encouraged.
  • All workers/customers/visitors wear a mask at all times.
  • Thermal screening to be conducted at the entrances.
  • In the food courts, not more than 50% seating capacity to be permitted.
  • IEC and awareness material to be displayed throughout the premise.
For further information refer to BBMP’s advisory circular dt.: 10.06.20 Click here




BBMP issued advisories for ENT Clinic/ Clinics/ OPD


  • Prior teleconsultation can be conducted to identify patients requiring physical examination in the clinic.
  • Walk in appointments to be discouraged.
  • Only one patient to be allowed into the examination room.
  • Patients with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 (whether ENT or respiratory) to be screened in separate screening clinics and not in ENT Clinic/OPD.
  • ENT doctors to wear Level 1 PPE kit and must avoid performing nasal endoscopy, 90 rigid or flexible endoscopy for larynx in routine clinic/OPD.
  • If endoscopy has to be performed, it should be performed in a separate demarcated area with level 2 PPE kit.
  • ENT/OPD room should be well ventilated.
For further information refer to BBMP’s advisory circular dt.: 10.06.20 Click here




BBMP issued advisories for Hotels and Hospitality Units


  • Details of guests along with ID and self-declaration form to be provided at the reception.
  • Room service or takeaways to be encouraged instead of dine-in option.
  • Luggage to be disinfected before sending it to the rooms.
  • Guest to sanitize hands before and after filling relevant forms.
  • Guests should be advised to refrain from travelling to containment zones within the city.
For further information refer to BBMP’s advisory circular dt.: 10.06.20 Click here




BBMP issued advisories for Restaurants


  • Managements must deploy adequate manpower to ensure physical distancing.
  • Thermal screening to be conducted on entry of customers.
  • Staggering of visitors should be done to ensure physical distancing.
  • Mandatory cleaning and disinfection of floors and high-touch areas like doors.
  • No more than 50% of seating capacity to be permitted.
  • Encourage contact-less mode of ordering and digital payment.
  • Valet Parking shall not be permitted.
  • AC to be set between 24 degrees C and 30 degrees C, with relative humidity between 40% and 70%.
For further information refer to BBMP’s advisory circular dt.: 12.06.20 Click here.




Government issued advisories for Gyms and Yoga Institutes


​​​​​​

  • Plan yoga/gymnasiums floor area based on 4m2 per person.
  • Place equipments, including cardio and strength machines, 6 feet apart, wherever feasible, by moving equipment to facilitate social distancing.
  • Spas, Sauna, Steam Bath and Swimming Pool (wherever applicable) shall remain closed.
  • Ensure 6 feet distance between personal trainer and clients during personal training sessions, wherever feasible.
  • Ensure sessions are tailored to include only exercises that do not require physical contact between the trainer and the clients including setup and use of equipment.
For further information refer to MoHFW’s advisory circular dt.: 03.08.20 Click here





(4) I run a Religious Institution (Mosques, Temples, Churches, etc.)

Precautionary equipment to keep at home/office


Hygiene supplies

  • Masks - Masks are our first barrier for protecting one from getting infected, as well as preventing those who have symptoms from spreading them. Guidelines for the most suitable masks are given on the WHO website Click here. A manual for all queries related to masks and how to make homemade masks has been issued by the GoI dt.: 30.04.20 Click here
  • Face Shields - A face shield is a curved plastic or Plexiglas panel that can be worn over the face. They form an important part of PPE for health care workers and can be used as an additional barrier. However they do not form a substitute for the use of masks.
  • Hand Sanitizer - Hand sanitizer is a liquid, gel, or foam generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. Hand sanitizer is effective when soap and water are not available. As per Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It has been advised to use hand sanitizers containing a minimum of 60% alcohol.
  • Hand Soap - Hand Hygiene is one of the most effective actions you can take to reduce the spread of pathogens and prevent infections. It is advised to wash your hands frequently and effectively for at least 20 seconds, as per the method suggested by WHO.
  • Washable cloth gloves
Medical supplies It is useful to keep the following medical supplies handy, which can be used only if one starts experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Paracetamol*
  • Vitamin C
  • Steamer
  • Digital thermometer
  • Pulse Oximeter - This is a small, lightweight device used to monitor the amount of oxygen carried in the body. This serves as a precautionary device that can be used to monitor oxygen levels in your body.
*These are only indicative and must be taken only if prescribed by a doctor. Cleaning supplies
  • Object Sanitizer Spray - This a sanitizer in its aerosol state that helps in sanitizing objects and surfaces that cannot be directly in contact with liquid as well as objects coming from outside such as delivery packages, groceries etc.
  • Disinfectant Liquid - Disinfectants are chemical agents designed to inactivate or destroy microorganisms on surfaces.Guidelines referring to sanitization of public spaces as well as homes recommend the use of a disinfectant with 1% sodium hypochlorite or phenolic disinfectants. This can be put in a spray bottle and can be sprayed onto objects that are coming from outside.
  • Disposable/compostable garbage bags
  • Disposable gloves - CDC recommends the use of disposable plastic gloves when cleaning as well as when caring for someone who is sick. Those who are running businesses or workplaces are also advised to wear gloves.




Ways to sanitize your groceries/deliveries


The following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  • Leave vegetables in the packet for four hours before cleaning with lukewarm water. Do not use sanitiser or disinfectant to clean vegetables.
  • Wash packaged items with soap and clean with water or alcohol based solutions.
  • For meat and eggs, use running tap water to clean the items
For more details on purchasing, cleaning and handling food, refer to the document by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken if you have visitors/workers coming over


Avoiding visitors is highly recommended. However, if it is necessary to have visitors or guests, the following steps have to be taken before allowing entry:

  • Thermal screening must be done to ensure that temperature is less than 37.5°C (99.5°F). Visitors must be screened for flu symptoms such as cold, cough, sore throat, and headache.
  • Hands must be washed or sanitised at entry and exit
  • Visitors must be equipped with masks at all times
For more details regarding entry of people in RWAs and apartment complexes, refer to the BBMP circular dt.: 12.06.20, Click here




Specific measures for senior citizens/citizens with co-morbidities


There is a higher risk of very serious illness due to coronavirus if you are older than 60 years or have problems like diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease. Stay at home to stay safe, do not have any visitors or relatives over to your home during this coronavirus time and ask someone to buy your food supplies and medicines. General healthcare for seniors:

  • Continue taking your prescribed medicines regularly. Do not self-medicate. Have at least a 30-day supply of prescription and non-prescription medicines to reduce visits to the pharmacy.
  • Do not visit your doctor during this time for just regular checkups. Instead you can call your healthcare provider if you have any problem.
  • However, for any emergencies like serious chest pain, accidents etc. visit the hospital immediately
  • If you or another high-risk individual has a cough, cold, or fever, call the government helpline or your healthcare provider right away.
For more information refer to ‘Health Advisory for Elderly Population’ from MoHUA dt.: 29.03.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while going to a restaurant


It is preferable to order food for delivery or to eat food prepared at home. However, if going to a restaurant is unavoidable, the following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI): Personal precautions: Wear a face mask at all times except while eating or drinking. Carry hand sanitizer and sanitize your hands before and after eating, and after touching any surfaces. What to look out for in a restaurant:

  • Ensure that a minimum distance of 6 feet is being maintained within the restaurant and all persons inside the restaurant are wearing masks.
  • Ensure that thermal screening and hand sanitisation is being done at entry points.
  • Ensure that hygiene is being maintained - there is soap and water or sanitizer for hand hygiene, and common surfaces such as the floor, lavatories, hand washing stations are being regularly disinfected.
Go contactless for payments: Opt for contactless modes of payments such as UPI, QR codes, net-banking, e-wallets, etc. For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken while leaving your home


It has been suggested to go out only when necessary and completely avoid stepping out if you are showing symptoms or pregnant or elderly. What to take when you go outside Face mask, gloves, hand sanitiser, your own shopping bag/basket. Wear a set of clothes that you can change out of as soon as you get back home. When you are outside

  • Maintain minimum distance of 6 feet at all times
  • Avoid touching common surfaces such as baskets, carts, counters, doorknobs. If you do, sanitize your hands immediately. Only touch products you intend to purchase.
  • When shopping, use online payment modes as far as possible. If you use currency or cards, sanitise or wash your hands immediately.
When you return
  • Wash your hands, sanitize your phone and keys and change your clothes and take a bath immediately.
  • Wash or sanitise any items you may have bought
For more details, refer to the following documents:
  1. Grocery shopping section in the document by FSSAI Click here
  2. Illustrative guide on COVID-19 appropriate behaviour by MoHFW dt.: 16.06.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while ordering food


Opt for contactless modes of delivery where the delivery person leaves the package at the doorstep and calls the customer. Steps to take when handling delivered food items:

  • Collect the food package and keep it in an isolated or segregated place.
  • Open the package, and discard external packing into the dustbin
  • Wash hands with soap and water or sanitize hands with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Empty the food content using tongs, ladles, spoons, etc. into clean serving dishes/utensils.
  • Discard the food packages/containers carrying or holding food.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Dietary recommendations during COVID19


Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has suggested recommendations for a balanced diet, some of which are listed below:

  • The immune system is a complex system. No single food/supplement, spice or herb can prevent or treat illness. However, it is prudent to include some specific nutrients on a regular basis. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, minerals such as zinc, selenium, iron, copper, phyto nutrients,amino acids, omega 3 fatty acids are important nutrients for optimal immune function.
  • Follow a healthy diet. Choose to consume local foods, whole grains, fresh and seasonal fruits and vegetables. Limit consumption of highly processed foods.
  • Get exposure to sunlight for at least 15 min per day, preferably from 11 am-1pm, which would ensure adequate Vitamin D status, while taking necessary precautions in time of COVID-19.
  • Keep your body active and hydrated for good immune response to any infection.
  • Some traditional spices and condiments possess antiviral / antimicrobial activity which helps to fight infections. In spite of several health benefits, they can cause side-effects if consumed in excess.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




When do I need to home quarantine? Protocols to follow


When is home quarantine advisable and compulsory Home quarantine is advisable if you think you have been exposed to the virus, by being in contact with a person who is a confirmed or suspected COVID-19 patient or if you develop any symptoms like fever, cough, cold, etc.
It is mandatory to home quarantine yourself if you meet any of the following criteria:

  • If you are a Primary or Secondary Contact of a person who has tested positive for COVID-19 and a health team assess you to be asymptomatic - 14 days of home quarantine followed by 14 days of elf reporting. For more information regarding the Home Quarantine for Primary and Secondary Contact, refer to the GoK protocol dt.: 08.05.20 Click here
  • If you have given a swab sample for COVID-19 testing, then you need to observe strict quarantine till your lab test results are communicated. For more information, refer to the circular issued by the GoK dt.: 13.07.20 Click here
  • If you have the following travel history:
- All international travelers - 7 days of Institutional Quarantine followed by 7 days of Home Quarantine - All Asymptomatic interstate travelers - 14 days of home quarantine For more information regarding travel related Home Quarantine, refer to the circular by the BBMP, dt.: 06.06.20 Click here Protocols for Home-Quarantine:
  • Stay in a well-ventilated single-room preferably with an attached/separate toilet. If another family member needs to stay in the same room, it’s advisable to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter between the two.
  • Needs to stay away from elderly people, pregnant women, children and persons with co-morbidities within the household.
  • Restrict his/her movement within the house.
  • Under no circumstances attend any social/religious gathering e.g. wedding, condolences, etc.
  • Wash hand as often thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Avoid sharing household items e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home.
  • Wear a surgical mask at all times. The mask should be changed every 6-8 hours and disposed off.Disposable masks are never to be reused.
  • Masks used by patients / caregivers / close contacts during home care should be disinfected using ordinary bleach solution (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution (1%) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.
For more information refer to the Guidelines for Home Quarantine by the MoHFW, GoI - Click here




Difference between home quarantine and home isolation


  • Quarantine: Restricting movement of people who may have been exposed to the virus, to check if they are developing any symptoms.
  • Isolation: Separating the suspected and/or infected person from those who have not contracted the virus.
Sourced from: https://bengaluru.citizenmatters.in/what-to-do-if-you-test-positive-for-covid-bengaluru-guide-symptoms-testing-isolation-treatment-47597




Steps to be taken in case of contact with a covid positive patient


If you are a primary or secondary contact of a COVID-19 positive patient, the following protocols are applicable:

  • If you are a primary contact, who is showing symptoms, you can be tested immediately. You can call the Apthamitra helpline on 14410 in case you develop any symptoms.
  • If you are a primary contact who is not showing symptoms, you can be tested after 5 to 10 days of contact. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
  • If you are a secondary contact, you can be tested only if you are showing symptoms. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
For more information:
  1. Refer to ‘Home Quarantine Protocol for Primary and Secondary Contact’, by GoK dt.: 08.05.20 - Click here
  2. Refer ‘Lab Testing Protocols’, GoK order dt.: 08.06.20 Click here




Ways to sanitize your home


  • Clean surfaces in the room that are touched often (table-tops, doorknobs, handles, etc.) with 7% Lysol or 1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Clean and disinfect bathroom and toilet surfaces at least once daily. Regular household soap or detergent should be used first for cleaning, followed by1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Home can be sanitized by the resident itself using an Aquapro tablet dissolved in 10L water and sprayed can be done by self and used inside the apartment; similar sprays available in market for homes & cars.
For more information refer to ‘Guidelines for Home Isolation’ by GoK, dt. 04.07.20 Click here




Protocols for air travel


Before planning for travel

  • All travellers shall submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal ( http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at least 72 hours before the scheduled date of travel.
  • Business/short term travellers who come with a negative RT-PCR test report shall be exempted from quarantine requirements. Such passengers shall also submit a declaration with respect to authenticity of the test report and will be liable for criminal prosecution, if found otherwise. The test report should be produced upon arrival at the point of entry airport/seaport in Karnataka.

Before Boarding
  • Do's and Don'ts about COVID-19 quarantine, testing, etc. shall be provided along with tickets to the travellers by the travel agencies concerned.
  • All passengers shall download Arogya Setu app, Quarantine watch app and Apthamitra App on their mobile devices.
  • At the time of boarding the flight/ ship, only asymptomatic travellers shall be allowed to board after thermal screening.
  • Suitable safety measures such as environmental sanitation and disinfection shall be ensured at the airports/seaports.
  • During boarding and at the airports/ seaports, all possible measures for physical distancing, provision of hand sanitizers, etc. shall be ensured.
During Travel
  • Travellers who had not filled the self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka portal shall fill the same induplicate in the flight/ship and a copy of the same be given to health and immigration officials present at the airport/seaport. Alternatively, such travellers may submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal (http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/or https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at arriving airport/ seaport.
  • Suitable announcement about COVID-19 including precautionary measures to be followed shall be made at airports/seaport and in flights/ships.
  • While on board the flight/ ship, required precautions such as wearing face masks, environmental hygiene, respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene etc. are to be observed by airline/ ship staff, crew and all passengers.
For more information regarding air travel, refer to the circular by the GoK, dt.: 07.08.20 Click here For further information regarding statewise quarantine regulation, refer to the document issued by Airport Authority of India dt.:30.07.20 Click here





(5) Public Spaces and Parks

Precautionary equipment to keep at home/office


Hygiene supplies

  • Masks - Masks are our first barrier for protecting one from getting infected, as well as preventing those who have symptoms from spreading them. Guidelines for the most suitable masks are given on the WHO website Click here. A manual for all queries related to masks and how to make homemade masks has been issued by the GoI dt.: 30.04.20 Click here
  • Face Shields - A face shield is a curved plastic or Plexiglas panel that can be worn over the face. They form an important part of PPE for health care workers and can be used as an additional barrier. However they do not form a substitute for the use of masks.
  • Hand Sanitizer - Hand sanitizer is a liquid, gel, or foam generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. Hand sanitizer is effective when soap and water are not available. As per Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It has been advised to use hand sanitizers containing a minimum of 60% alcohol.
  • Hand Soap - Hand Hygiene is one of the most effective actions you can take to reduce the spread of pathogens and prevent infections. It is advised to wash your hands frequently and effectively for at least 20 seconds, as per the method suggested by WHO.
  • Washable cloth gloves
Medical supplies It is useful to keep the following medical supplies handy, which can be used only if one starts experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Paracetamol*
  • Vitamin C
  • Steamer
  • Digital thermometer
  • Pulse Oximeter - This is a small, lightweight device used to monitor the amount of oxygen carried in the body. This serves as a precautionary device that can be used to monitor oxygen levels in your body.
*These are only indicative and must be taken only if prescribed by a doctor. Cleaning supplies
  • Object Sanitizer Spray - This a sanitizer in its aerosol state that helps in sanitizing objects and surfaces that cannot be directly in contact with liquid as well as objects coming from outside such as delivery packages, groceries etc.
  • Disinfectant Liquid - Disinfectants are chemical agents designed to inactivate or destroy microorganisms on surfaces.Guidelines referring to sanitization of public spaces as well as homes recommend the use of a disinfectant with 1% sodium hypochlorite or phenolic disinfectants. This can be put in a spray bottle and can be sprayed onto objects that are coming from outside.
  • Disposable/compostable garbage bags
  • Disposable gloves - CDC recommends the use of disposable plastic gloves when cleaning as well as when caring for someone who is sick. Those who are running businesses or workplaces are also advised to wear gloves.




Ways to sanitize your groceries/deliveries


The following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  • Leave vegetables in the packet for four hours before cleaning with lukewarm water. Do not use sanitiser or disinfectant to clean vegetables.
  • Wash packaged items with soap and clean with water or alcohol based solutions.
  • For meat and eggs, use running tap water to clean the items
For more details on purchasing, cleaning and handling food, refer to the document by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken if you have visitors/workers coming over


Avoiding visitors is highly recommended. However, if it is necessary to have visitors or guests, the following steps have to be taken before allowing entry:

  • Thermal screening must be done to ensure that temperature is less than 37.5°C (99.5°F). Visitors must be screened for flu symptoms such as cold, cough, sore throat, and headache.
  • Hands must be washed or sanitised at entry and exit
  • Visitors must be equipped with masks at all times
For more details regarding entry of people in RWAs and apartment complexes, refer to the BBMP circular dt.: 12.06.20, Click here




Specific measures for senior citizens/citizens with co-morbidities


There is a higher risk of very serious illness due to coronavirus if you are older than 60 years or have problems like diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease. Stay at home to stay safe, do not have any visitors or relatives over to your home during this coronavirus time and ask someone to buy your food supplies and medicines. General healthcare for seniors:

  • Continue taking your prescribed medicines regularly. Do not self-medicate. Have at least a 30-day supply of prescription and non-prescription medicines to reduce visits to the pharmacy.
  • Do not visit your doctor during this time for just regular checkups. Instead you can call your healthcare provider if you have any problem.
  • However, for any emergencies like serious chest pain, accidents etc. visit the hospital immediately
  • If you or another high-risk individual has a cough, cold, or fever, call the government helpline or your healthcare provider right away.
For more information refer to ‘Health Advisory for Elderly Population’ from MoHUA dt.: 29.03.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while going to a restaurant


It is preferable to order food for delivery or to eat food prepared at home. However, if going to a restaurant is unavoidable, the following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI): Personal precautions: Wear a face mask at all times except while eating or drinking. Carry hand sanitizer and sanitize your hands before and after eating, and after touching any surfaces. What to look out for in a restaurant:

  • Ensure that a minimum distance of 6 feet is being maintained within the restaurant and all persons inside the restaurant are wearing masks.
  • Ensure that thermal screening and hand sanitisation is being done at entry points.
  • Ensure that hygiene is being maintained - there is soap and water or sanitizer for hand hygiene, and common surfaces such as the floor, lavatories, hand washing stations are being regularly disinfected.
Go contactless for payments: Opt for contactless modes of payments such as UPI, QR codes, net-banking, e-wallets, etc. For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken while leaving your home


It has been suggested to go out only when necessary and completely avoid stepping out if you are showing symptoms or pregnant or elderly. What to take when you go outside Face mask, gloves, hand sanitiser, your own shopping bag/basket. Wear a set of clothes that you can change out of as soon as you get back home. When you are outside

  • Maintain minimum distance of 6 feet at all times
  • Avoid touching common surfaces such as baskets, carts, counters, doorknobs. If you do, sanitize your hands immediately. Only touch products you intend to purchase.
  • When shopping, use online payment modes as far as possible. If you use currency or cards, sanitise or wash your hands immediately.
When you return
  • Wash your hands, sanitize your phone and keys and change your clothes and take a bath immediately.
  • Wash or sanitise any items you may have bought
For more details, refer to the following documents:
  1. Grocery shopping section in the document by FSSAI Click here
  2. Illustrative guide on COVID-19 appropriate behaviour by MoHFW dt.: 16.06.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while ordering food


Opt for contactless modes of delivery where the delivery person leaves the package at the doorstep and calls the customer. Steps to take when handling delivered food items:

  • Collect the food package and keep it in an isolated or segregated place.
  • Open the package, and discard external packing into the dustbin
  • Wash hands with soap and water or sanitize hands with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Empty the food content using tongs, ladles, spoons, etc. into clean serving dishes/utensils.
  • Discard the food packages/containers carrying or holding food.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Dietary recommendations during COVID19


Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has suggested recommendations for a balanced diet, some of which are listed below:

  • The immune system is a complex system. No single food/supplement, spice or herb can prevent or treat illness. However, it is prudent to include some specific nutrients on a regular basis. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, minerals such as zinc, selenium, iron, copper, phyto nutrients,amino acids, omega 3 fatty acids are important nutrients for optimal immune function.
  • Follow a healthy diet. Choose to consume local foods, whole grains, fresh and seasonal fruits and vegetables. Limit consumption of highly processed foods.
  • Get exposure to sunlight for at least 15 min per day, preferably from 11 am-1pm, which would ensure adequate Vitamin D status, while taking necessary precautions in time of COVID-19.
  • Keep your body active and hydrated for good immune response to any infection.
  • Some traditional spices and condiments possess antiviral / antimicrobial activity which helps to fight infections. In spite of several health benefits, they can cause side-effects if consumed in excess.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




When do I need to home quarantine? Protocols to follow


When is home quarantine advisable and compulsory Home quarantine is advisable if you think you have been exposed to the virus, by being in contact with a person who is a confirmed or suspected COVID-19 patient or if you develop any symptoms like fever, cough, cold, etc.
It is mandatory to home quarantine yourself if you meet any of the following criteria:

  • If you are a Primary or Secondary Contact of a person who has tested positive for COVID-19 and a health team assess you to be asymptomatic - 14 days of home quarantine followed by 14 days of elf reporting. For more information regarding the Home Quarantine for Primary and Secondary Contact, refer to the GoK protocol dt.: 08.05.20 Click here
  • If you have given a swab sample for COVID-19 testing, then you need to observe strict quarantine till your lab test results are communicated. For more information, refer to the circular issued by the GoK dt.: 13.07.20 Click here
  • If you have the following travel history:
- All international travelers - 7 days of Institutional Quarantine followed by 7 days of Home Quarantine - All Asymptomatic interstate travelers - 14 days of home quarantine For more information regarding travel related Home Quarantine, refer to the circular by the BBMP, dt.: 06.06.20 Click here Protocols for Home-Quarantine:
  • Stay in a well-ventilated single-room preferably with an attached/separate toilet. If another family member needs to stay in the same room, it’s advisable to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter between the two.
  • Needs to stay away from elderly people, pregnant women, children and persons with co-morbidities within the household.
  • Restrict his/her movement within the house.
  • Under no circumstances attend any social/religious gathering e.g. wedding, condolences, etc.
  • Wash hand as often thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Avoid sharing household items e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home.
  • Wear a surgical mask at all times. The mask should be changed every 6-8 hours and disposed off.Disposable masks are never to be reused.
  • Masks used by patients / caregivers / close contacts during home care should be disinfected using ordinary bleach solution (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution (1%) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.
For more information refer to the Guidelines for Home Quarantine by the MoHFW, GoI - Click here




Difference between home quarantine and home isolation


  • Quarantine: Restricting movement of people who may have been exposed to the virus, to check if they are developing any symptoms.
  • Isolation: Separating the suspected and/or infected person from those who have not contracted the virus.
Sourced from: https://bengaluru.citizenmatters.in/what-to-do-if-you-test-positive-for-covid-bengaluru-guide-symptoms-testing-isolation-treatment-47597




Steps to be taken in case of contact with a covid positive patient


If you are a primary or secondary contact of a COVID-19 positive patient, the following protocols are applicable:

  • If you are a primary contact, who is showing symptoms, you can be tested immediately. You can call the Apthamitra helpline on 14410 in case you develop any symptoms.
  • If you are a primary contact who is not showing symptoms, you can be tested after 5 to 10 days of contact. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
  • If you are a secondary contact, you can be tested only if you are showing symptoms. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
For more information:
  1. Refer to ‘Home Quarantine Protocol for Primary and Secondary Contact’, by GoK dt.: 08.05.20 - Click here
  2. Refer ‘Lab Testing Protocols’, GoK order dt.: 08.06.20 Click here




Ways to sanitize your home


  • Clean surfaces in the room that are touched often (table-tops, doorknobs, handles, etc.) with 7% Lysol or 1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Clean and disinfect bathroom and toilet surfaces at least once daily. Regular household soap or detergent should be used first for cleaning, followed by1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Home can be sanitized by the resident itself using an Aquapro tablet dissolved in 10L water and sprayed can be done by self and used inside the apartment; similar sprays available in market for homes & cars.
For more information refer to ‘Guidelines for Home Isolation’ by GoK, dt. 04.07.20 Click here




Protocols for air travel


Before planning for travel

  • All travellers shall submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal ( http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at least 72 hours before the scheduled date of travel.
  • Business/short term travellers who come with a negative RT-PCR test report shall be exempted from quarantine requirements. Such passengers shall also submit a declaration with respect to authenticity of the test report and will be liable for criminal prosecution, if found otherwise. The test report should be produced upon arrival at the point of entry airport/seaport in Karnataka.

Before Boarding
  • Do's and Don'ts about COVID-19 quarantine, testing, etc. shall be provided along with tickets to the travellers by the travel agencies concerned.
  • All passengers shall download Arogya Setu app, Quarantine watch app and Apthamitra App on their mobile devices.
  • At the time of boarding the flight/ ship, only asymptomatic travellers shall be allowed to board after thermal screening.
  • Suitable safety measures such as environmental sanitation and disinfection shall be ensured at the airports/seaports.
  • During boarding and at the airports/ seaports, all possible measures for physical distancing, provision of hand sanitizers, etc. shall be ensured.
During Travel
  • Travellers who had not filled the self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka portal shall fill the same induplicate in the flight/ship and a copy of the same be given to health and immigration officials present at the airport/seaport. Alternatively, such travellers may submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal (http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/or https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at arriving airport/ seaport.
  • Suitable announcement about COVID-19 including precautionary measures to be followed shall be made at airports/seaport and in flights/ships.
  • While on board the flight/ ship, required precautions such as wearing face masks, environmental hygiene, respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene etc. are to be observed by airline/ ship staff, crew and all passengers.
For more information regarding air travel, refer to the circular by the GoK, dt.: 07.08.20 Click here For further information regarding statewise quarantine regulation, refer to the document issued by Airport Authority of India dt.:30.07.20 Click here





(1) I am an Individual, what precautions should I take?

Precautionary equipment to keep at home/office


Hygiene supplies

  • Masks - Masks are our first barrier for protecting one from getting infected, as well as preventing those who have symptoms from spreading them. Guidelines for the most suitable masks are given on the WHO website Click here. A manual for all queries related to masks and how to make homemade masks has been issued by the GoI dt.: 30.04.20 Click here
  • Face Shields - A face shield is a curved plastic or Plexiglas panel that can be worn over the face. They form an important part of PPE for health care workers and can be used as an additional barrier. However they do not form a substitute for the use of masks.
  • Hand Sanitizer - Hand sanitizer is a liquid, gel, or foam generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. Hand sanitizer is effective when soap and water are not available. As per Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It has been advised to use hand sanitizers containing a minimum of 60% alcohol.
  • Hand Soap - Hand Hygiene is one of the most effective actions you can take to reduce the spread of pathogens and prevent infections. It is advised to wash your hands frequently and effectively for at least 20 seconds, as per the method suggested by WHO.
  • Washable cloth gloves
Medical supplies It is useful to keep the following medical supplies handy, which can be used only if one starts experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Paracetamol*
  • Vitamin C
  • Steamer
  • Digital thermometer
  • Pulse Oximeter - This is a small, lightweight device used to monitor the amount of oxygen carried in the body. This serves as a precautionary device that can be used to monitor oxygen levels in your body.
*These are only indicative and must be taken only if prescribed by a doctor. Cleaning supplies
  • Object Sanitizer Spray - This a sanitizer in its aerosol state that helps in sanitizing objects and surfaces that cannot be directly in contact with liquid as well as objects coming from outside such as delivery packages, groceries etc.
  • Disinfectant Liquid - Disinfectants are chemical agents designed to inactivate or destroy microorganisms on surfaces.Guidelines referring to sanitization of public spaces as well as homes recommend the use of a disinfectant with 1% sodium hypochlorite or phenolic disinfectants. This can be put in a spray bottle and can be sprayed onto objects that are coming from outside.
  • Disposable/compostable garbage bags
  • Disposable gloves - CDC recommends the use of disposable plastic gloves when cleaning as well as when caring for someone who is sick. Those who are running businesses or workplaces are also advised to wear gloves.




Ways to sanitize your groceries/deliveries


The following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  • Leave vegetables in the packet for four hours before cleaning with lukewarm water. Do not use sanitiser or disinfectant to clean vegetables.
  • Wash packaged items with soap and clean with water or alcohol based solutions.
  • For meat and eggs, use running tap water to clean the items
For more details on purchasing, cleaning and handling food, refer to the document by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken if you have visitors/workers coming over


Avoiding visitors is highly recommended. However, if it is necessary to have visitors or guests, the following steps have to be taken before allowing entry:

  • Thermal screening must be done to ensure that temperature is less than 37.5°C (99.5°F). Visitors must be screened for flu symptoms such as cold, cough, sore throat, and headache.
  • Hands must be washed or sanitised at entry and exit
  • Visitors must be equipped with masks at all times
For more details regarding entry of people in RWAs and apartment complexes, refer to the BBMP circular dt.: 12.06.20, Click here




Specific measures for senior citizens/citizens with co-morbidities


There is a higher risk of very serious illness due to coronavirus if you are older than 60 years or have problems like diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease. Stay at home to stay safe, do not have any visitors or relatives over to your home during this coronavirus time and ask someone to buy your food supplies and medicines. General healthcare for seniors:

  • Continue taking your prescribed medicines regularly. Do not self-medicate. Have at least a 30-day supply of prescription and non-prescription medicines to reduce visits to the pharmacy.
  • Do not visit your doctor during this time for just regular checkups. Instead you can call your healthcare provider if you have any problem.
  • However, for any emergencies like serious chest pain, accidents etc. visit the hospital immediately
  • If you or another high-risk individual has a cough, cold, or fever, call the government helpline or your healthcare provider right away.
For more information refer to ‘Health Advisory for Elderly Population’ from MoHUA dt.: 29.03.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while going to a restaurant


It is preferable to order food for delivery or to eat food prepared at home. However, if going to a restaurant is unavoidable, the following has been suggested by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI): Personal precautions: Wear a face mask at all times except while eating or drinking. Carry hand sanitizer and sanitize your hands before and after eating, and after touching any surfaces. What to look out for in a restaurant:

  • Ensure that a minimum distance of 6 feet is being maintained within the restaurant and all persons inside the restaurant are wearing masks.
  • Ensure that thermal screening and hand sanitisation is being done at entry points.
  • Ensure that hygiene is being maintained - there is soap and water or sanitizer for hand hygiene, and common surfaces such as the floor, lavatories, hand washing stations are being regularly disinfected.
Go contactless for payments: Opt for contactless modes of payments such as UPI, QR codes, net-banking, e-wallets, etc. For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Precautions to be taken while leaving your home


It has been suggested to go out only when necessary and completely avoid stepping out if you are showing symptoms or pregnant or elderly. What to take when you go outside Face mask, gloves, hand sanitiser, your own shopping bag/basket. Wear a set of clothes that you can change out of as soon as you get back home. When you are outside

  • Maintain minimum distance of 6 feet at all times
  • Avoid touching common surfaces such as baskets, carts, counters, doorknobs. If you do, sanitize your hands immediately. Only touch products you intend to purchase.
  • When shopping, use online payment modes as far as possible. If you use currency or cards, sanitise or wash your hands immediately.
When you return
  • Wash your hands, sanitize your phone and keys and change your clothes and take a bath immediately.
  • Wash or sanitise any items you may have bought
For more details, refer to the following documents:
  1. Grocery shopping section in the document by FSSAI Click here
  2. Illustrative guide on COVID-19 appropriate behaviour by MoHFW dt.: 16.06.20 Click here




Precautions to be taken while ordering food


Opt for contactless modes of delivery where the delivery person leaves the package at the doorstep and calls the customer. Steps to take when handling delivered food items:

  • Collect the food package and keep it in an isolated or segregated place.
  • Open the package, and discard external packing into the dustbin
  • Wash hands with soap and water or sanitize hands with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Empty the food content using tongs, ladles, spoons, etc. into clean serving dishes/utensils.
  • Discard the food packages/containers carrying or holding food.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




Dietary recommendations during COVID19


Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has suggested recommendations for a balanced diet, some of which are listed below:

  • The immune system is a complex system. No single food/supplement, spice or herb can prevent or treat illness. However, it is prudent to include some specific nutrients on a regular basis. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, minerals such as zinc, selenium, iron, copper, phyto nutrients,amino acids, omega 3 fatty acids are important nutrients for optimal immune function.
  • Follow a healthy diet. Choose to consume local foods, whole grains, fresh and seasonal fruits and vegetables. Limit consumption of highly processed foods.
  • Get exposure to sunlight for at least 15 min per day, preferably from 11 am-1pm, which would ensure adequate Vitamin D status, while taking necessary precautions in time of COVID-19.
  • Keep your body active and hydrated for good immune response to any infection.
  • Some traditional spices and condiments possess antiviral / antimicrobial activity which helps to fight infections. In spite of several health benefits, they can cause side-effects if consumed in excess.
For more information refer to the document ‘Eat Right During COVID-19’ by FSSAI Click here




When do I need to home quarantine? Protocols to follow


When is home quarantine advisable and compulsory Home quarantine is advisable if you think you have been exposed to the virus, by being in contact with a person who is a confirmed or suspected COVID-19 patient or if you develop any symptoms like fever, cough, cold, etc.
It is mandatory to home quarantine yourself if you meet any of the following criteria:

  • If you are a Primary or Secondary Contact of a person who has tested positive for COVID-19 and a health team assess you to be asymptomatic - 14 days of home quarantine followed by 14 days of elf reporting. For more information regarding the Home Quarantine for Primary and Secondary Contact, refer to the GoK protocol dt.: 08.05.20 Click here
  • If you have given a swab sample for COVID-19 testing, then you need to observe strict quarantine till your lab test results are communicated. For more information, refer to the circular issued by the GoK dt.: 13.07.20 Click here
  • If you have the following travel history:
- All international travelers - 7 days of Institutional Quarantine followed by 7 days of Home Quarantine - All Asymptomatic interstate travelers - 14 days of home quarantine For more information regarding travel related Home Quarantine, refer to the circular by the BBMP, dt.: 06.06.20 Click here Protocols for Home-Quarantine:
  • Stay in a well-ventilated single-room preferably with an attached/separate toilet. If another family member needs to stay in the same room, it’s advisable to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter between the two.
  • Needs to stay away from elderly people, pregnant women, children and persons with co-morbidities within the household.
  • Restrict his/her movement within the house.
  • Under no circumstances attend any social/religious gathering e.g. wedding, condolences, etc.
  • Wash hand as often thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Avoid sharing household items e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home.
  • Wear a surgical mask at all times. The mask should be changed every 6-8 hours and disposed off.Disposable masks are never to be reused.
  • Masks used by patients / caregivers / close contacts during home care should be disinfected using ordinary bleach solution (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution (1%) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.
For more information refer to the Guidelines for Home Quarantine by the MoHFW, GoI - Click here




Difference between home quarantine and home isolation


  • Quarantine: Restricting movement of people who may have been exposed to the virus, to check if they are developing any symptoms.
  • Isolation: Separating the suspected and/or infected person from those who have not contracted the virus.
Sourced from: https://bengaluru.citizenmatters.in/what-to-do-if-you-test-positive-for-covid-bengaluru-guide-symptoms-testing-isolation-treatment-47597




Steps to be taken in case of contact with a covid positive patient


If you are a primary or secondary contact of a COVID-19 positive patient, the following protocols are applicable:

  • If you are a primary contact, who is showing symptoms, you can be tested immediately. You can call the Apthamitra helpline on 14410 in case you develop any symptoms.
  • If you are a primary contact who is not showing symptoms, you can be tested after 5 to 10 days of contact. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
  • If you are a secondary contact, you can be tested only if you are showing symptoms. However it is mandatory to quarantine yourself for 14 days followed by 14 days of self-reporting.
For more information:
  1. Refer to ‘Home Quarantine Protocol for Primary and Secondary Contact’, by GoK dt.: 08.05.20 - Click here
  2. Refer ‘Lab Testing Protocols’, GoK order dt.: 08.06.20 Click here




Ways to sanitize your home


  • Clean surfaces in the room that are touched often (table-tops, doorknobs, handles, etc.) with 7% Lysol or 1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Clean and disinfect bathroom and toilet surfaces at least once daily. Regular household soap or detergent should be used first for cleaning, followed by1% sodium hypochlorite solution
  • Home can be sanitized by the resident itself using an Aquapro tablet dissolved in 10L water and sprayed can be done by self and used inside the apartment; similar sprays available in market for homes & cars.
For more information refer to ‘Guidelines for Home Isolation’ by GoK, dt. 04.07.20 Click here




Protocols for air travel


Before planning for travel

  • All travellers shall submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal ( http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at least 72 hours before the scheduled date of travel.
  • Business/short term travellers who come with a negative RT-PCR test report shall be exempted from quarantine requirements. Such passengers shall also submit a declaration with respect to authenticity of the test report and will be liable for criminal prosecution, if found otherwise. The test report should be produced upon arrival at the point of entry airport/seaport in Karnataka.

Before Boarding
  • Do's and Don'ts about COVID-19 quarantine, testing, etc. shall be provided along with tickets to the travellers by the travel agencies concerned.
  • All passengers shall download Arogya Setu app, Quarantine watch app and Apthamitra App on their mobile devices.
  • At the time of boarding the flight/ ship, only asymptomatic travellers shall be allowed to board after thermal screening.
  • Suitable safety measures such as environmental sanitation and disinfection shall be ensured at the airports/seaports.
  • During boarding and at the airports/ seaports, all possible measures for physical distancing, provision of hand sanitizers, etc. shall be ensured.
During Travel
  • Travellers who had not filled the self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka portal shall fill the same induplicate in the flight/ship and a copy of the same be given to health and immigration officials present at the airport/seaport. Alternatively, such travellers may submit self-declaration form on the Yatri Karnataka online portal (http://www.covidwar.karnataka.gov.in/or https://parihara.karnataka.gov.in/Service38/) at arriving airport/ seaport.
  • Suitable announcement about COVID-19 including precautionary measures to be followed shall be made at airports/seaport and in flights/ships.
  • While on board the flight/ ship, required precautions such as wearing face masks, environmental hygiene, respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene etc. are to be observed by airline/ ship staff, crew and all passengers.
For more information regarding air travel, refer to the circular by the GoK, dt.: 07.08.20 Click here For further information regarding statewise quarantine regulation, refer to the document issued by Airport Authority of India dt.:30.07.20 Click here





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Disclaimer: All data is sourced from BBMP and will be updated in a timely manner.